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Constitution [Comparative] Law: Primary Sources

"Comparative constitutional law is an intellectually vibrant field that encompasses an increasingly broad array of approaches and methodologies."

Primary Sources of Law

Primary sources of law in legal research vocabulary are the texts of enactments by governments containing rules that govern a state jurisdiction.

 Each branch of government, both at the federal and provincial level, produces law.  Understanding the overall landscape of the legal sources, it is helpful before beginning research of one source or one area of law. The chart below is a simplified overview of federal law, listing the major types of law publications of each branch.  Provincial governments produce laws in a similar set-up.

 

 

 

The Constitution
↓ ↓ ↓

 


 

 

Branch of Govt.

Judicial

Legislative

Executive

 

Type of Law Produced

Case Law

Statutes

Regulations

 

Chronological Publication of Law

Case Law Reporters

Session Laws (Federal Laws)

 The Gazette of Pakistan

 

Publication of Law By Subject

PLD, ScMR    etc.

Pakistan Code

Gazette Notifications

 

Note that each government branch produces law that is published chronologically.  The public laws and regulations are then published in Pakistan code by subject.  Case law is not published by subject (thus, research case law requires a “finding tool” to locate cases by subject).